Albert Einstein was born in 1879 and died in 1955. He was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He is best known to the general public for his formula E=mc2 which has been dubbed, “the world’s most famous equation”. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics and the development of quantum theory. In 1933, while Einstein was visiting the United States, Adolf Hitler came to power. Because of his Jewish background, Einstein did not return to Germany. He settled in the United States and became an American citizen. Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers and more than 150 non-scientific works. His intellectual achievements and originality have made the word “Einstein” synonymous with “genius.