Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 and died on April 4, 1968. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Martin Luther King Jr. was an African American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the American civil rights movement. He was the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other non-violent means. During his 1963 March on Washington, King’s “I Have a Dream” speech raised public awareness of the civil rights movement and established him as one of the greatest speakers in the U.S. history.